|Rogers Pass #336|
SaddleHeight: 1332 m (4370 ft)
Key Peak: Mount Dawson
Lat Long: (from Mtn Saddle) 51.2878,-117.5139
Prominence (depth) is 2045m below Mount Dawson.
Ranges: North America Ranges / Columbia Mountains / Selkirk Mountains / Duncan Ranges / Sir Donald Range
Rogers Pass is located in the middle of the Selkirk mountains. Both sides of the pass drain into the Columbia River, thus it is a shortcut across the "Big Bend" of the Columbia River. Beaver Creek runs NE toward Golden, and the Illecillewaet River runs SW toward Revelstoke. Rogers Pass links the southern Selkirk mountains to the northern Selkirks. (Links Dawson to Sir Sandford).
Rogers Pass is a very high snowfall area and requires continuous avalanche monitoring and blasting in winter. The Trans-Canada highway goes right through the pass. Near Rogers Pass are two national park campgrounds and also the Alpine Club Wheeler Hut. At the summit there is a large parking lot with a gas station, a large Parks Canada Interpretive center, and a restaurant. West of the visitor center is an easy 1 hour hike along the old railway right of way. There are many longer hiking trails on both sides of the pass. FtrHistory: The pass was named after Major AB Rogers who discovered the pass in 1881. He ascended from Revelstoke via the Illecillewaet River. He returned from the east via the Beaver River and Connaught Creek the following year to confirm its viability as a route for the CPR. Amazingly it was only 3 years later in 1885 that the CPR was making trips through the pass. During his first visit in 1881 it is believed he may have ascended Avalanche Peak, which would have made it the first recorded ascent in the area. In 1910 a single avalanche killed 62 railway employees at the pass, and this prompted the railway to build the 8 km long Connaught Tunnel, opened in 1916. In the 1980's, the CPR constructed the Mount Macdonald Tunnel (14.7 km). Today both tunnels are in use, one for eastbound and the other for westbound trains. During the time the Railway went through the pass, it was one of the main centers for mountaineering in Canada. The CPR-operated Glacier House employed Swiss guides. Once the railway abandoned the pass in 1916, the Glacier Lodge buildings fell into disuse. The Trans-Canada highway was built in 1962.