This peak is #1 on the Height List for New Brunswick . This peak is #1 in Prominence List for New Brunswick .Mount Carleton is the highest mountain in the Atlantic Provinces, including the island of Newfoundland. It is on the main divide of the province, with the Tobique river running to the Saint John River and the Nepisiquit river out to the northeastern coast. Mount Carleton lords over a country steeped in a long and interesting history of hunting, fishing, logging, and great forest fires. An order-in-council in 1970* designated a 174 km² tract of the New Brunswick highlands as Mount Carleton Provincial Park. Mt. Carleton Park straddles the watershed of two cultures and attracts French-speaking wilderness enthusiasts from the north of the province and Québec, as well as the English-speaking outdoor folk from the south. This mingling of cultures seems très à propos for Canada’s only officially bilingual province. The park is accessible from near St. Quentin, or from Plaster Rock via Nictau on route 385. Access to the park is maintained in the winter but many of the summer roads are not ploughed and therefore offer excellent cross-country skiing.
The ‘glory days’ of the early outfitters and of the Nictau Fish and Game Club are long gone, and hunting is not permitted within the park, though the region is still very popular for trout and salmon fishing. Today the park region is attractive in and of itself, as a beautiful wilderness of large crystalline lakes, rounded mountains, and abundant wildlife. The park staff maintain a network of trails which range from short and easy, (Williams Brook Falls, Pine Point), to longer and more rugged, (Sagamook Mountain, Dry Brook). For the canoe enthusiasts the Nictau and Nepisiquit Lakes offer long and scenic day-outings with every likelihood of seeing loons, ducks, deer, moose or other wildlife. The serenity of early morning canoeing on a wilderness lake can hardly be beat. Those interested in river canoeing can spend a lazy couple of days paddling from Nictau Lake to Riley Brook on the Little Tobique River, or they may tackle the challenging Nepisiguit River with its many rapids.
In 1923 half the area of the park burned, leading to the construction of a series of fire lookout towers and huts, including one on the summit of Mt. Carleton, at 820m (Wikipedia gives 817 m.) above sea level. This observation hut was manned during the summer months from 1923 to 1968, when other methods of fire reporting took over. There is still a hut on top of Mt. Carleton, but it serves now only as a reminder of another era, and as a temporary shelter for hikers who reach the summit of the Maritimes. In spite of the fire lookout a second major fire in 1933 reburned some of the area devastated ten years earlier. The forests now, though, are a healthy mixture of coniferous and deciduous, and autumn here put on a colourful show.
Name Notes: Carleton is named after Thomas Carleton, who was made the first Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick in 1784. He was the brother of General Guy Carleton, Govenor general of Canada. He joined the British Army in 1753, and in 1776 (American Revolutionary war) he arrived in Quebec City to defend against the Americans "Continental Army", which was a forerunner of the US Army.