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Torngat Mountains
Parent Area: Laurentians-Ungava Range
 

Area: 34000 sq km. Location: The Torngat Mountains are located on the peninsula that divides Ungava Bay from the Atlantic Ocean. As such, they straddle the border between Quebec and Labrador (Newfoundland). The range is bounded on the east by the Labrador Sea, and on the west by the George River and Ungava Bay, and extends 300 km from Cape Chidley in the north to Hebron Fjord in the south. Terrain: The mountains here are barren, since they are far north of the boreal forests of the east. Formed from some of the earth's oldest rock, the Torngat Mountains stand as a natural 300-km north-south divide between the Labrador Sea and the Ungava Peninsula. Here, you will find the highest peaks of eastern, continental North America.

The ranges are divided by deep fjords and finger lakes which are bounded by spectacular rock walls. These fjords are the product of glaciation from the Laurentide Ice Sheet which covered all but the highest summits at least once, although during the last ice age the coverage was limited. Today there are over 70 small but active glaciers in the Torngat, shaded in deep cirques. Vegetation is sparse tundra with willow thickets in low sheltered valleys. Above 300 m the terrain is mostly rock desert. There are numerous caribou and many types of arctic vegetation. History: Torngat means "Place of the Devil" in Inuktitut. Evidence of tent rings and stone structures suggests the Torngat was occupied over 6000 years ago by Thule, Dorset, and Maritime Archaic settlements, and more recently Inuit settlements. The name means "Home of Spirits". In 1763 over 500 Inuit inhabited the fjords, but by the 1935 the number was down to 35, and today there are none. The closest settlements are Nain, which is 200 km south, and Port Nouveau in Quebec which is 100 km west. Inuit from Nain visit the fjords for the summer char fishery. There is an airstrip at Saklek used in offshore oil exploration.

Both the Canadian and Quebec governments have proposed parks to protect the natural beauty of the range. Torngat comes from the Inuktitut designation for the region, turngait, meaning 'spirits.' Inuit legends hold that in this region the spirit world overlaps our own.

Top Trips
Torngat Private Search Expedition Andrew Lavigne

Top Photos
Mount Caubvick (Mont D'Iberville) David Wasserman
Mount Caubvick South Face David Wasserman
Cirque Mountain from Minaret Ridge David Wasserman
Descending the Minaret Ridge of Mount Caubvick David Wasserman
Minaret Glacier and Mount Cladonia from Minaret Ridge David Wasserman
Rappelling down the Koroc Step on Mount Caubvick David Wasserman
Mount Caubvick (Mont D'Iberville) from the South David Wasserman
The North Ridge of Mount Caubvick David Wasserman
Landing Area in Koroc Valley David Wasserman
Glacier on Mount Caubvick David Wasserman
More Photos


Paper Maps